Pinworms (Enterobius Vermicularis), also known as threadworms, are a kind of parasite situated in the digestive system of human beings.
They are small, white worms that are very common with age-school kids though they can be found in any age kids and even little babies, especially the ones that go to daycare or with siblings that have pinworms.
Infestations of pinworms can lead to weight loss and for the female child specifically, infections in the abdomen or urinary tract infections. Pinworm infections are contagious and they can easily get into the body when the microscopic pinworm eggs is ingested.
These pinworm eggs can be located on:
- clothing (most especially underwear and pyjamas)
- bed linen
- bathroom fixture
- eating utensils
- kitchen counters
- drinking glasses
- eating utensils
- desks or lunch tables at school
- Human beings are the only natural host for pinworms as animals don’t harbour the parasite.
- Therapy as well as prescription medications can prove to be an effective cure in majority of the pinworms infection cases.
- Pinworm infects are regarded as the most common worm infection in some part of the world e.g. United States of America.
- Pinworm infections happen in all socio-economic groups and the spread within humans is promoted close, crowded living conditions, which is why the spread among family members is very common.
- Pinworm infections can be very troublesome but they don’t lead to any serious health conditions and are normally not dangerous.
- Anyone could develop a pinworm infection however it happens frequently in school kids from the ages of 5 to 10.
- An itchy rectal area is the most popular symptom of pinworms. The pinworm symptoms are usually at their worst when the female worms are most active (crawl out of the anus to lay their eggs) at night.
Causes of Pinworms
Microscopic eggs deposited by female worms can best be described as what causes pinworms. A female pinworm is able to produce at least 10,000 eggs in her lifespan.
Signs And Symptoms
The most popular symptoms of pinworms in kids are restless sleep and itching in the rectum area. For the female child, these parasites can spread to the vagina thereby causing vaginal discharge. In the case of broken skin caused by constant itching, a bacterial skin infection could arise as a result of this skin condition. Less popular signs of pinworms include nausea and andominal pain (they occur when there are many pinworms in the intestines. Victims of severe itching could suffer sleeping difficulties, loss of appetite, weight loss, and severe irritability.
You can diagnose for pinworms through the following three ways:
- Scotch tape test is a very useful test for diagnosing pinworms. It involves the use of a transparent tape, which is being pressed to the anal cavity. When the tape is pressed to the anal cavity, pinworm eggs get stuck onto the tape. Ensure that you take the tape sample to the paediatrician when you take your child to him or her.
- Blood tests are not really needed when it comes to diagnosing for pinworm infections.
- You can check for pinworms in the anus with the use of a flashlight. It is advisable to check for them early in the morning or at night.
Pinworms can be treated with the following ways:
- Wash every underwear and sleeping clothing on a daily basis for around two weeks.
- Wash hands thoroughly after using the toilet as well as before the preparation of food for consumption. Pinworm infections can spread through the oral-faecal route.
- Wash all the beddings of infected persons 3 to 7 days weekly for the next 3 weeks.
Remedies for Pinworms
Home remedies for pinworms include Garlic, Coconuts, Onions, Apple Cider Vinegar, Squash Seeds, Carrots, Pumpkins Seeds, Wormwood, Proper Hygiene, Grapefruit Seed Extract, Dietary Changes, and Castor Oil.