Hives is an allergic skin reaction, medically known as Urticaria. They are red itching that appears as swollen, pale red bumps on the skin as a result of the body’s reaction to certain allergens or for no just cause. Hives are known to cause itching, but might also result to burn or sting.
The immune system in the body is known to protect the body from foreign invaders. When it becomes sensitized even to harmless situations, the resulting reaction is termed an allergy.
Hives reaction is set off when the body comes in contact with such allergens. The body reacts in such a way that blood vessels becomes so porous, allowing liquid to accumulate in tissues and leading to the swollen and reddish appearance of hives.
They can appear anywhere on the body, including the throat, ear, tongue and face. They are of different sizes but can come together to form a great lump also known as plaque.
Hives in children are quite common because 15% to 20% of children get them at least once in their lives. They are usually harmless but they always sign of allergic reaction. There are various reasons for hives in children;
What Causes Hives In Children
It is difficult to state exactly what causes hives in children. Since hives are a type of skin reaction caused by different allergens, it is not important to go for a test. It only means that the immune system reacted to a substance as if it were a toxic one.
The common method of developing hives is by taking in things the body considers allergic. Some common allergic triggers include
- Foods: Milk, eggs, wheat, berries and nuts.
- Medicines: This might include antibiotics and aspirin.
- Sting from insects like bees
There are other factors which are not allergies that can trigger hives in children. They include;
- Exposure to cold. Like taking a cold bath during a cold morning.
- Virus infections
- When a child is feeling nervous
- Excessive exercise.
Treatment for Hives
Doctors can easily tell if you are suffering from hives by just hearing your story or possibly merely looking at you.
The best treatment for hives in children remains removal of the allergen, but it is not just an easy task. Some medicines such as Antihistamines are prescribed for the patient in other to provide a temporal relief from the symptoms.
Antihistamines work perfectly fine if they are taken as prescribed in other to prevent the hives from forming in the first place.
The majority of patients who know that they suffer more severe allergies are advised to carry a special medicine to be used in case of an emergency. A well-known example of such emergency drug is epinephrine, which is given to the patient as a shot in the body.
Other treatments for hive might include any of the followings
- Avoiding known triggers for your child
- Always avoid things that might worsen the rash
- Making sure that the hive isn’t caused by an underlying disorder.
Home Remedies for Hives
There are various home treatments that can come in handy for a parent with children suffering from hives. These treatment packages are easily accessed and do a great deal of work in reducing the symptoms of hives in children.
- Apply Calamine lotion on the affected part: Application of calamine lotion on the affected part of a child’s body will help to greatly reduce the itching and sting. You can purchase the cream at a grocery store or even on an online platform.
- Keep your child from scratching the affected part: You should help keep your child away from scratching the affected part of his body. This will help to reduce the spread and also possible skin infections.
- Applying cool compresses on the affected part might help to reduce the level of itching and stinging.
The good news is that hives are not so serious and a child might even outgrow them. If your child’s hives are caused by an allergen, you should do well to educate him about it.