Generally, ear infections are caused by a bacterium that occurs when fluid builds up behind the eardrum. The scientific name is otitis media. It is an inflammation of the middle ear, and anyone can be stricken with an ear infection, but children are more prone to the disease than adults.
Ear infections are one of the major reasons most parents takes their child to a doctor.
Types of Ear Infection
There are three major types of ear infections (otitis media) and each of them has different symptoms.
- Acute otitis media (AOM): this is the most popular of all ear infection. It occurs when the Parts of the middle ear get infected and becomes swollen, which leads to a fluid being trapped behind the eardrum. It might lead to fever in children as it causes lot of pain in an earache
- Otitis media with effusion (OME): this happens shortly after AOM or COM has run its course and fluid still stays trapped behind the eardrum. It less painful and usually doesn’t have symptoms.
- Chronic otitis media with effusion (COME): occurs when fluid get stuck in the middle of the ear for a long period of time. COME can lead to a hearing problem in children.
Symptoms of Ear Infections
The signs and symptoms of acute otitis media may be very severe if not properly taken care of and below are some sign to watch out in other to know is your baby has ear infections or not
- Have trouble sleeping.
- Not respond to soft sounds
- Need to turn up the TV or radio
- Talk louder
- Pay less attention in school
Causes of Ear Infections
Development of ear infections is very common and frequent in kids between ages 2 and 4. However, several causes have been identified for this problem. Such causes are explained below.
- Their eustachian tubes are shorter and more horizontal than that of adults, which always allow bacteria and viruses make their way into the middle ear more easily.
- The tubes are less stiff and too narrow,
- Exposure to cigarette smoke, bottle-feeding, and childcare attendance can also lead to ear infections
- Respiratory tract infections or colds cold also cause an Ear infection.
Home Remedies for Treating Ear Infections
We have identified five major home remedies for ear infections. All these solutions are safe, natural and cost-effective. They are:
Garlic antimicrobial and natural pain relieving properties make it a go-to home ready for treating ear infections.
Holy basil can be used to treat ear infections and as well as reduce infection.
Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is one of the best options to getting rid of fungus that may be causing the ear infection.
Olive oil can help to clear the obstruction caused by a fungal or bacterial growth that leads to a blockage in the Eustachian tubes.
Warm Water Bottle
To ease the child from pain and also prevent microorganism infestation, quickly apply some warm water to the infected ear. This will quickly serve as temporary reliever for the child
Ear Infections Preventive Measures
Prevention is better than cure, goes the popular saying. This section of this article deems it to touch on ear infections preventive measures that can nip the ear problem in the bud if adopted.
Yes, taking the preventive measures stated below will greatly improve your kid’s chances of not contracting the ear infection.
- Vaccinate your child every year against the flu.
- Wash hands frequently. Washing hands helps to keep the spread of germs in check and protect your child from catching a cold or the flu.
- Avoid exposing your baby to cigarette smoke.
- Never put your baby to bed with a feeding bottle.
- Limit your child’s contact with children when your child or your kid’s playmates are sick.
Kindly note that this information is not a substitute for medical care or advice, Should your child develop any symptoms that post real concern to you, please contact your baby’s doctor for medical for proper check up