Diarrhea is a very common infection that affects small kids. The disease involves a frequent movement of the bowel in irregular patterns. In certain cases, children suffering from diarrhea may pass out blood or mucus in the stool.
Health reports obtained from the World Health Organization (WHO) indicate that across the globe, diarrhea is responsible for 2 to 3 million deaths every year.
Deaths that occur due to diarrhea are prevalent in the underdeveloped country where a large part of the population lacks access to quality health care. The body uses diarrhea as means to get rid of wastes, toxins, germs and other harmful substances.
When these toxins stay for too long in the body, they cause infections of all forms.
In the United States alone, it was reported that diarrhea accounts for more than 9% of illness cases in children less than 5 years old. Parents often find it hard to distinguish symptoms of diarrhea from other infections.
This is because the basic signs of diarrhea at the early stages are similar to those of other infections that are common to children.
At the beginning, children suffering from diarrhea show symptoms such as loss of appetite, vomiting, loss if weight, and fever. When diarrhea remains for a long time, dehydration may occur.
Dehydration is dangerous to the life of children. Severe dehydration with no treatment often results in seizures, brain damage and death in certain cases.
Apart from those mentioned above, other symptoms of diarrhea include a headache, stomachache, watery stools, nausea, and drowsiness.
Diarrhea in kids is usually caused by different factors. Use of certain types of antibiotics or other drugs may result in diarrhea. When these substances are in the body in high amounts, the body finds a means to eliminate them; this results into excessive stooling.
In addition to this, food poisoning has also been implicated in diarrhea. Other causes of diarrhea include allergies, celiac disease, and Crohn’s diseases. In most cases, these symptoms go off after a few days.
Treatment of Diarrhoea in Kids
Diarrhea is treated according to the symptoms. But generally, antibiotics are used for treatment in several cases of diarrhea.
Also, treatment methods also focus on giving the kids fluids orally. These fluids are analyzed to make sure that they contain the right amounts of carbohydrates and electrolytes.
Liquid drinks which contain high amounts of sodium, glucose and other elements must be avoided. In cases where the kids vomit, a little amount of the oral therapies should be given. This should be introduced gradually.
When there is a positive response to treatment, the dosage can be raised. When the children already lost too much fluid to stooling, treatment fluids should be administered intravenously.
Diarrhea may also be treated with the proper diet. Once the kid shows signs of response to the fluids, balanced diet should be introduced. Babies and infants should be fed on breast milk or formula as the case may be.
A balanced diet also works with cases of chronic diarrhea. However, in addition, vitamin supplements may be introduced. Most symptoms of diarrhea disappear after a few days of treatment.
Parents have responsibilities to keep kids safe from infections. A clean environment must be maintained. You must also look after the kids at all times so that they do not take harmful substances.
Diarrhea occurs when foreign substances enter into the body; the body tries to expel these substances. The first aid box in the house must also be stocked with essential supplies for first aid treatment.
When treatment fails to clear symptoms, you should visit your health care expert for further diagnosis on the cause of illness.