Impetigo is considered to be one of the most popular skin infections among young children. It affects school-age and pre-school children with evident characteristics such as sores or blisters on the hands, face, diaper area, and the neck.
This condition is highly contagious meaning they can spread from one individual to the other.
Causes of Impetigo in Children
Two bacteria namely staphylococcus aureus and streptococcus phones are regarded as what causes impetigo. Impetigo can arise through the following ways:
- injury to the skin
- animal bites
- skin-to-skin with an individual that is already affected
- insect bites
- touching things a person with impetigo has had contact with, like bedding, toys, and towels.
The Risk Factors
Some persons are more likely to develop the impetigo condition than others. Risk factors associated with impetigo include:
- poor hygiene
- having diabetes
- having dermatitis (itchy, inflammation of the skin as a result of allergic reactions on some occasions)
- being two to six years of age
- warm weather
- having a compromised immune system
- having skin irritated by other conditions
- taking part in activities that involve skin-to-skin contact
- at a crowded environment where bacteria can easily spread
- constantly attending a daycare or school
Types of Impetigo in Children
There are various types of impetigo in children dependent on the symptoms and causes. The three main types of impetigo include:
This type of impetigo is very popular among kids that are under the age of two. Blisters normally appear on the arms, legs, and torso at first. These blisters appear clear initially before they turn cloudy. Blisters that are as a result of bullous impetigo usually last for a longer period of time in comparison with other forms of impetigo. The areas situated around the blisters tend to be red and itchy.
This type of impetigo is widely regarded as the most serious form of this bacteria condition due to the fact that it affects the second layer of the skin, rather than the top layer alone. Blisters could be painful and may turn out into aggravated, open sores or ulcers. Swollen lymph nodes and scars could also happen as well.
This is also known as nonbullous impetigo, and is the most popular form of impetigo in children and is highly contagious. This form of impetigo normally starts with red sores around the mouth and nose. Here, blisters burst to leave a red, weeping rash that becomes crusted.
This rash is not painful but could be itchy. Swollen lymph nodes (bean-shaped glands that assist your body in fighting infection) may happen as well with impetigo contagious.
Signs and Symptoms of Impetigo in Children
Symptoms of impetigo can be very uncomfortable especially when they are on the face. Symptoms are similar despite the fact that they differ slightly from one form of impetigo to the other.
Signs of impetigo include:
- skin lesions
- fluid-filled blisters
- swollen lymph nodes
- red sores that pop easily before leaving a yellow crust
- itchy rash
Treatment of Impetigo in Children
Impetigo normally gets better when it is not treated in around 2 to 3 weeks, however, treatment of impetigo is recommended most times due to the fact that it can limit the impetigo illness period to around 7 to 10 days. Treatment can reduce the risk of spreading the infection to others.
Treatments prescribed for impetigo include antibiotic tablets and cream, which are normally used for one week.
Remedies for Impetigo in Children
Home remedies for impetigo include:
- Heat Therapy
- Tea Tree Oil
- White Vinegar
- Aloe Vera
- Myrrh Oil
- Ginger and Turmeric
- Olive Oil
- Manuka Honey