What are Learning Disabilities?
A learning disability is not directly related with lack of intelligence, laziness or dumbness. It just means that child with learning disabilities receive and process information differently than other kids in school because their brains are wired differently.
Children with learning disabilities understand things quite differently which often lead to difficulty in learning new skills and putting them to good use. The most common types of learning disabilities involve problems with reading, writing, math, reasoning, listening, and speaking.
But the important thing to note is that children with learning disabilities can succeed because they are just as smart as everyone else.
Causes of Learning Disabilities
There is no main cause of learning disabilities but some possible causes include:
Causes of learning disabilities could be hereditary which is quite possible to find children with learning disabilities have parents or other relatives with similar difficulties.
- Problems during Pregnancy and Birth
Learning disabilities in children may be caused by injury during or before birth. It may also be caused by an adverse effect of drug or alcohol use during pregnancy, and premature birth.
- Incidents after Birth
Head injuries, deficiency in some essential nutrients and exposure to toxic substances can cause learning disabilities.
Types of Learning Disabilities
There are many types of learning disabilities in children. With early detection and intervention, many children overcome their learning disabilities and are able to reach their full potential. Below are the types of learning disabilities that affect children.
Dyspraxia affects a child’s motor skills which are responsible for coordination and movement. A child suffering from dyspraxia may have difficulty holding a spoon or tying his shoelaces. He may struggle with writing, speech, touch, taste or smell.
- Auditory Processing Disorders
This is one of the most common types of learning disabilities. This is a condition whereby a child has difficulty understanding sounds. For instance, a child might hear the word spoken correctly but can’t comprehend the meaning of the words. A child with this problem often finds it difficult to understand spoken directions from a parent or teacher. They could also be easily distracted by noise and their external environment.
This type of learning disabilities has to do with how a child processes language which can make reading and writing difficult. Children may also have difficulty expressing their feelings and putting together thoughts during conversation.
This condition affects a child’s writing abilities and may have a problem with spelling, putting words together on a paper or bad handwriting.
This type of learning disabilities affects a child’s ability to do mathematics. In younger children, it may affect counting and ability to recognize numbers.
- Visual Processing Disorder
Children with this type of disabilities have trouble interpreting visual information. He or she may have difficulty reading or distinguish between two objects of similar shape.
This type of learning disabilities creates a condition where the child is unable to use or comprehend words. A mild form of aphasia might lead to difficulty remembering names of objects or people while acute aphasia can impair the ability to speak.
- Short and Long-Term Memory Problems
This causes the children suffering from learning disabilities to have a problem with creating or retrieving memories. They will have trouble remembering numbers and what they have learned. Your child may also have difficulty following instructions.
Learning Disability Symptoms
There are a lot of symptoms associated with learning disabilities below are the easily noticeable ones.
- Lack of enthusiasm for reading or writing
- Trouble memorizing things
- Poor social skills
- Working at a slow pace
- Trouble staying focused on a task
- Difficulty understanding abstract ideas
- Lack of attention to detail, or too much attention to detail
- Trouble following directions
Treatment for Learning Disabilities
Once you suspect your child exhibiting some of these symptoms earlier mentioned then you should:
- Consult your child’s pediatrician or psychologist to have him evaluated to ascertain his major problems and difficulty.
- Special education is the most common treatment for learning disabilities. Special education provides your child the opportunity to enjoy specialized and individualized training for your child to help build your child’s strength and teach him how to compensate for his weakness.
- Another treatment for learning difficulties is special home tutoring and therapy service.
- After-school programs