Pneumonia is an infection if the lungs caused by viruses or bacteria. According to reports obtained from reputable health sources, Pneumonia kills one child every 20 seconds. Pneumonia is one of the commonest infections that affect small children. Children with pneumonia often fall sick.
This is usually characterized by high fever, fatigue, and loss of appetite. Phlegm, diarrhea, general pains, and headache may also be experienced.
Statistics have revealed that more than 98 percent of deaths due to pneumonia occur in the developing countries where poverty and lack of equipped health care centers hinder treatment of the disease.
The risk of exposure to pneumonia in children is higher because of their weak immune system. This is why parents maintain a proper hygiene to prevent incidences of infections in small children.
Children who are victims of pneumonia often come up with several symptoms which result in discomfort. Some of the symptoms that manifest at the outset include cold, cough and fever.
Other symptoms of pneumonia in kids include vomiting, heavy breathing, stuffy nose, chest pain, abdominal pain and loss of appetite. Some of the symptoms seen in pneumonia may be common to other infections. So it is important for parents to treat all symptoms with great caution when they manifest.
After using essential pills inside the home first aid box, you must visit the hospital if symptoms persist after a few days of treatment. The child can be properly diagnosed to determine the actual cause of illness at the hospital.
Symptoms of pneumonia in children vary from that seen in an adult. Often times, pneumonia starts usually after an infection of the respiratory tract which consists of the nose and throat. These symptoms may last for a few days. As the infection progresses, fluid, body cells, and other body wastes pile up in the air spaces around the lungs. These substances accumulate and block the entrance to the lungs making it impossible for air to pass well. It also hinders the activity of the lungs.
Causes of Pneumonia in Children
Pneumonia is a common infection that affects children. It occurs when the air sacs are infected. This infection may be caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi as the case may be; although it is rarely caused by fungi.
Bacteria is the most common causes if pneumonia. The bacteria strain responsible for the infection is the Streptococcus species. The rare viral pneumonia is common in children.
Viral strains that are responsible for pneumonia include adenoviruses and parainfluenza viruses.
Treatment of Pneumonia in Children
The mild symptoms of pneumonia in kids can be treated in the house with the basic first aid essentials. However, babies, children, and people with severe pneumonia may need to be admitted to hospital for treatment.
Antibiotics are the first treatment options pneumonia. This does not take into consideration whether the infection is caused by bacteria or viruses. Further examination of the extent of the infection will determine the nature of antibiotics to be administered for treatment.
In pneumonia that is are caused by viruses, physicians often recommend quality rest and fever control measures for the child. When coughs manifest as parts of the symptoms, cough syrups or suppressants may be administered. Other cough medications such as codeine and dextromethorphan may also be used.
When these medications are properly used, the symptoms often disappear after a few days of treatment. When it is hard or there is a shortage of time to carry out a diagnosis to find out the actual cause of pneumonia, antibiotics ma generally be used.
When the symptoms remain for a few days even after treatment, it is best to consult your physician for further treatments.