What is Chickenpox?
Chickenpox, also referred to as varicella is a disease that is caused by a virus called “varicella-zoster virus”. This infection is common among children between the ages of 4 – 10 years, it is highly infectious and can be spread through the air or by direct contact with a person that has the infection.
Chickenpox causes a headache which is often followed by rashes. When this disease strikes, antibodies are produced in the immune system to provide lifelong protection against the virus thereby, making it almost impossible for the disease to occur more than once in a lifetime.
The symptoms of chickenpox can easily be taken into cognizance thereby making its treatment very fast and right in time. There can be severe cases of chickenpox were professional medical attention may be essential.
Symptoms of Chickenpox
The symptoms of chickenpox can be easily discovered as it is always visible on the skin. It occurs after 20 – 21 days of exposure to the varicella virus and the disease lasts for about 10 days.
Rashes announce the presence of the disease in a child but there are other symptoms that should be taken into cognisance before rashes appear. They include;
- High temperature (fever)
- A headache; this starts before rashly appears
- Rashes; this can appear on any part of the body but often times appear first on the neck or head and they are always itchy.
- Reddish Spots; this occurs as a result of the rashes that appear earlier.
- Loss of appetite or feeding problems.
- Tiredness and a general feeling of being unwell
Causes of Chickenpox
Chickenpox is caused by a virus called varicella zoster; People who have not been vaccinated are prone to contract chickenpox. The disease spreads in a similar way to cold, cough, flu; people can be infected by breathing in the air around an infected person and also touching rashes, blisters on an infected Person.
All indications of chickenpox may appear on the body at the same time and also may be critical in kids that have skin diseases such as eczema, acne etc or those whose immune system are not strong enough to tackle the varicella virus.
In rare conditions, serious bacterial infections involving the skin, lungs, bones, joints, and the brain can also occur.
Stages of Chickenpox
Chickenpox starts from the head then extends to the back; it first inflicts rashes with red spots on the head and then later extends the rashes to the entire body (including mouth and genitals).
Rashes begin to appear on new areas on the body for four to five days, which sometimes is followed by fever, headache, loss of appetite, stomach disorder etc.
Blisters filled with fluid, otherwise known as vesicles will be formed by each bump of the chickenpox rash. As the stage of the progress, the clear fluid will turn cloudy. If the infection occurs in the genitals or mouth, the rash may be in form of open sore instead of a blister.
Treatment of Chickenpox
Antibiotics are not advised to be taken to treat a child that is infected with chickenpox since the disease is caused by a virus, it may, however, be required if the sores get infected by bacteria. The bacteria infected sore is common among kids because they don’t seize to pick at the blisters.
Rather than using an antibiotic drug, an antiviral drug suits for the treatment of the disease especially if the infected child is at risk for complications.
The child’s age, health status, an extent of the infection, and timing of the treatment is to be considered before administering the drug. It is advisable to meet with your doctor for an appropriate drug prescription.