Tonsillitis is inflammation and irritation of the tonsils, which is a lump of tissue that located at both sides of the back of the throat. Tonsillitis happens when the tonsils get infected by bacteria or viruses, they became swell and inflamed
The tonsils help the immune system to guide the body from infections that may enter through the mouth. When the tonsils gets infected they turns reds and becomes enlarged and also have a yellow coating or white sometimes
Tonsil infections are contagious and it can be transferred from person to person through contact with mouth, throat, or mucus of an infected person.
A person that is suffering from tonsillitis usually has a fever coupled with sore throat, swollen glands in the neck, and trouble swallowing. Tonsillitis is more common in children and the condition can occur frequently or occasionally
Symptoms of Tonsillitis
The common symptoms of tonsillitis include:
- A sore throat and pain
- Earache when swallowing
- High temperature (fever) over 38C (100.4F)
- Red, swollen tonsils
- White or yellow coating on the tonsils
- Bad breath
- Enlarged, tender glands in the neck
- A scratchy, muffled or throaty voice
- Stiff neck
- Stomachache, especially in kids
Sign of tonsillitis in toddlers may include:
- Drooling due to difficult swallowing
- Unable to eat well
- Unusual fussiness
Symptoms of tonsillitis usually occur within three to four days if contractions.
Causes of Tonsillitis
The commonest cause of Tonsillitis is viral infection like influenza.
Tonsillitis is mostly caused by a viral infection, such as the viruses that cause the flu (influenza). In some occasions, it can also result from a bacterial infection, known as streptococcus bacteria.
Other common causes of tonsillitis include:
- Parainfluenza viruses
- Epstein-Barr virus
- Influenza virus
- Herpes simplex virus
- These infections spread quickly, so it’s important to quarantine infected person
- Keep kids away from infected person
- Ensure your family practices habits of -washing hands after coughing, sneezing, after toilet and so on
- Staying away from work and school or, until the GP says pass you fit and safe to return.
- Coughing and sneezing into a tissue and disposing to the trash basket
- Washing hands before eating, after going to the toilet and, if possible, after coughing and sneezing
- Keep your sick child’s eating utensils and drinking glasses away from others, and wash them in a hot and soapy water.
Treatment for Tonsillitis
If the tonsillitis is caused by a viral infection, antibiotics might not work and your body will combat the infection on its own. Meanwhile, there are certain things that can be done to make u feel better, irrespective of the cause.
- Ensure you get enough rest
- Take warm or cold fluids to reduce throat pain
- Eat smooth foods, like ice cream or applesauce
- Use a humidifier or cool-mist vaporizer in your room
- Gargle with warm salt water
- Suck on lozenges that has benzocaine or other anesthetics
- Take pain relievers such as ibuprofen
For children who contract tonsillitis more than 6 times during a period of 12-month the doctors may recommend a tonsillectomy surgery to remove the tonsils.
Usually, tonsillitis gets better within 5 to 7 days. However, some children and adults might suffer tonsillitis for longer period, or it keeps resurfacing. This refers to as chronic tonsillitis and at this point surgical treatment will be needed.
To remove the tonsils, a tonsillectomy is often recommended if:
- You’ve had lot of serious occurrence of tonsillitis over a long period of time.
- Re occurrence of tonsillitis are disrupting your normal activities
Other complications of tonsillitis are very unusual and it occur only when an underlying bacterial infection is not treated or not properly treated and this may lead to, scarlet fever, rheumatic fever or glomerulonephritis.