Tooth decay is an infection of the mouth which is caused by bacteria and other microbes which are found in the mouth. These bacteria convert sugars in food into acids which form cavities in the mouth. Microbes cause plaques which form sticky coverings on the tooth.
There are thousands of bacteria present in the mouth. These bacteria live in the gum, teeth and tongue. While some of these microbes are helpful to the body, most are harmful. Some of these harmful bacteria are actually responsible for tooth decay and other forms of mouth infections.
Tooth decay in children give parents nightmares. Children suffering from tooth decay experience pains and discomfort. Tooth decay may cause other infections when it persists for a long time. When proper treatment is not provided, growth and speech development may be affected.
Tooth decay in children often occurs over a period of time. Some of it signs may resemble those of other infections and in other cases; tooth decay may come up as a result of an underlying ailments. This makes it difficult to detect.
Some of the signs of tooth decay in children include appearance of a dull white band on the surface of the tooth, appearance of a yellow brown, and like brownish-black teeth. At the latter stages, the teeth become blackened while the gums appear red and swollen.
According to reports obtained from National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, about 42 percent of children between the ages of two and eleven often develop tooth decay. Getting children cured from the infection is a source of concern for parents.
What Causes Tooth Decay in children
Tooth decay is a common infection that affects children in their early years. It occurs primarily due to inadequate brushing and lack of proper care of the teeth. At the early years, children often sleep at night with bottles strapped to the mouth. This results in baby bottle tooth decay.
Feeds from the bottles drain and accumulate at the juncture of the gum thereby providing a breeding place for microbes of all sorts. Apart from this, eating too many candies or food items that have high amounts of sugar can cause tooth decay. These are only some of the causes of tooth decay in children.
Apart from the appearance of a brown-blackish tooth; pains, fever and general discomforts are some of the symptoms that children may develop as a result of tooth decay.
Tooth Decay treatment in children
Parents have important roles to play in order to provide adequate treatment for kids suffering from tooth decay.
Do not allow your kids to sleep with a bottle of feeds of other drinks in the mouth. If your child must take something, water is recommended.
A good hygiene culture must be embraced by the parents. You must wash your child’s teeth regularly. A minimum of twice every day is recommended. Foods that contain sugars in high amounts should be avoided.
Apart from this, other items that seem to contain acids should be avoided because of their effects on the teeth. A proper cleaning of the teeth is recommended after eating sugary substances.
When all treatment options seem not to be effective, you are advised to visit your doctor for proper treatment. A medical diagnosis will go a long way in determining the actual cause of ailments when the infection seems to persist even after treatment.
When the tooth is extremely damaged, a removal and replacement option may be recommended. This will prevent the infection from spreading to other teeth. Similarly, when the tooth appears to brownish colored, a more advanced option for cleaning may be used. This will depend on the recommendation by your physician.