Wheezing is a whistling sound that occurs during breathing due to the fact that the airways of a child are very small due to the presence of excessive amounts of secretions, bronchospasm, an inhaled foreign body, or swelling of the mucosal lining.
On some occasions, lower respiratory problems such as RSV (Respiratory Syncytial Virus) can also lead to wheezing in children while other factors like structural irregularity in the airways or problems with vocal cords can result in wheezing as well.
There are two types of wheezing in kids namely persistent and transient wheezing.
- Persistent wheezing continues for a long period of time when a child has genetic factors or allergic conditions.
- Transient wheezing happens when a child is suffering from inflammatory issues and stops immediately he or she gets better.
Causes of Wheezing in children
What causes wheezing the most in children include gastroesophageal reflux disease, allergies, infections, and asthma or reactive airway disease.
Other causes include:
- Anaphylaxis (a chronic allergic reaction, like to a medication or an insect bite).
- Bronchiectasis (a severe lung situation in which irregular widening of bronchial tubes limits mucus clearing).
- COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) as well as other lung conditions.
- Heart failure
- Lung cancer
- Childhood asthma
- Respiratory tract infection (most especially in children under the age of 2).
- Vocal cord dysfunction (a condition that affects the movement of the vocal cord).
- Strained or pulled abdominal muscle
- Sleep apnea, obstructive (a condition where breathing starts and stops during sleep).
- Heart failure
- Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) (most especially in young kids)
- Medications (most especially aspirins)
- Foreign object inhaled: first aid
Symptoms of Wheezing in children
Wheezing symptoms include whistling or a musical sound and labored breathing, especially when exhaling. It is accompanied by a feeling of tightening in the chest area on some occasions as well.
Treatments for Wheezing in children
Swift medical care is required if wheezing is linked to asthma, genetic factors, or bronchitis. Treatment for wheezing in these situations includes anti-inflammatory drugs, nasal sprays, and antibiotics.
Another treatment option for wheezing is the use of natural treatments carried out at home in soft cases of wheezing. Natural treatments such as breastfeeding, inhalers, steam inhalation, and fluids are also recommended. Let’s take a look at each of the natural treatments.
- Breastfeeding – With breastfeeding, your child won’t be a victim of wheezing. According to new studies, children whose mothers gave them breast milk for a long period of time were less at risk compared to those that their mothers gave breast milk for a few months.
- Inhalers – These are very useful to assist your child in soothing the muscles surrounding his or her obstructed air passages if he or she constantly suffer wheezing. They are way better than antibiotics due to fact that there are no side effects attached. In general, inhalers make your child breathe more easily and also feel more comfortable.
- Steam Inhalation – This is another very effective treatment for wheezing in children. Take your child to a steam bathroom or upgrade your normal bathroom by making provisions for a large container of hot water and thereafter shut the door tight. The heat coming from the hot water suppresses the wheezing while also calming your child’s chest.
- Fluids – This assists in keeping your child hydrated and also eliminates germs and infections that lead to wheezing in children. Fluids such as cow milk, filtered warm water, breast milk helps to thin mucus secretion thus assisting in making your child breathe without any difficulty.
Wheezing in children Remedies
Home remedies for wheezing include Orange Juice, Ginger, Garlic, Fish, Yogurt, Mustard Oil, Honey, Figs, Turmeric, Onions, Hot Soups, Fruits and Vegetables, Lemon, Eucalyptus Oil, Red Chili, and Sesame Oil.